Facts & Historical Events On This Day
India became the fourth nation to successfully land a spacecraft on the Moon.
Nicki Minaj's Super Freaky Girl debuted at number one on Billboard's Hot 100.
Chris Messina Tweeted #barcamp, which became the first use of a hashtag on Twitter.
Armenia declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
The largest farm worker strike in US history began.
The first-ever photograph was taken of the Earth from the surface of the Moon.
The World Council of Churches (WCC) was founded with 147 churches from 44 countries.
Mars had a 'close encounter' with Earth at 34.8 million miles apart.
During World War I, Japan officially declared war on Germany.
The first-ever message was sent from a ship to the shore at Cliff House, San Francisco.
The Albert Bridge opened in London, England.
Napoleon Bonaparte left Egypt to return home to France.
During the French Revolution, a mass levy was adopted, making it compulsory for any able-bodied men aged 18 to 25 to join military service.
French explorer Jacques Cartier arrived in the city of Quebec during his third voyage to Canada.
Scottish knight William Wallace was executed for treason by being hung, drawn, and quartered by order of King Edward I of England.