Koalas were listed as endangered for the first time in Australian history.
Australia recorded its hottest day ever with an average temperature of 105°F across the country.
New South Wales, Australia, announced they were 100 percent in drought.
The world's largest dinosaur footprint was discovered.
A record-breaking haircut saved a sheep that had not been sheared in over five years in Canberra, Australia.
173 people died in Victoria, Australia, during the Black Saturday bushfires.
The High Court of Australia recognized Aboriginal land rights for the first time.
Australia began selling its first platinum coin, featuring a Koala.
New South Wales, Australia, celebrated the first day of homosexuality being legal.
Robert Menzies, Australia's longest-serving Prime Minister, was elected.
The Australian Labor Party led the world's first Labor Government.
New Zealand's All Blacks played their first international test against Australia at Sydney Cricket Ground.
The Federation of Australia was given Royal Assent.
Wesley College was established in Melbourne, Australia
British explorer Matthew Flinders became the first person to successfully circumnavigate Australia.
After narrowly escaping a shipwreck, British explorer Captain James Cook discovered the Great Barrier Reef, Australia.
British Lieutenant James Cook became the first European to reach Australia's east coast.
Captain James Cook sighted Australia for the first time.